Spanish Grammar


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Spanish Grammar A1 ⮟
Ser and Estar in Spanish for Beginners
Está and Hay in Spanish to Express Location
The Present Indicative in Spanish
The verb querer in Spanish: how to use it
The Verb Gustar in Spanish
Demonstratives in Spanish and Adverbs of Place
Possessive Adjectives in Spanish
The Present Continuous in Spanish: Estar + Gerund
The Gerund in Spanish: Form and Basic Uses
Expressions of Quantity in Spanish: Muy and Mucho
Spanish Grammar A2 ⮟
Present Perfect Indicative in Spanish
The Past Simple in Spanish
The Preterite Imperfect Indicative in Spanish
Indicative past tenses in Spanish
How to Express Future in Spanish
How to use por and para in Spanish
Possessive Pronouns in Spanish
Comparative Adjectives in Spanish
Ya in Spanish: Meaning and Usage
Subject Personal Pronouns in Spanish
Expressing Obligation in Spanish
Spanish Grammar B1 ⮟
The Pluperfect Indicative in Spanish
The Future Simple in Spanish
The Conditional Simple in Spanish
The imperative mood in Spanish
The present subjunctive in Spanish
Verbal Periphrasis in Spanish
General Rules of Accentuation in Spanish
Expressing Wishes with the Subjunctive in Spanish
The Use of Cuando with Indicative and Subjunctive
Position of Object Pronouns in Spanish
Spanish Grammar B2 ⮟
Advanced Uses of Conditional Simple
The Future Perfect in Spanish
The Conditional Perfect in Spanish
Present Perfect Subjunctive in Spanish
How do I use the past imperfect subjunctive?
The Pluperfect Subjunctive in Spanish
How to express probability in Spanish
Conditional Clauses in Spanish
Verbs of Change in Spanish
Reported Speech in Spanish
Spanish Grammar C1 ⮟
The passive Voice in Spanish
Adverbial Clauses of Manner in Spanish
Adverbial Clauses of Cause in Spanish
Clauses of Purpose in Spanish
Conditional Conjunctions in Spanish
Uses of the Pronoun SE with Syntactic Function
Uses of the Pronoun Se as a Verb Mark
The Indeterminate Feminine in Spanish

The Pluperfect Subjunctive in Spanish

The pluperfect subjunctive in Spanish (pluscuamperfecto de subjuntivo) has not only a funny name, but it’s also a very important tense to master the subjunctive. So, let’s start learning how to form it.

How to form the pluperfect subjunctive in Spanish

Alongside the imperfect subjunctive, the pluperfect is the only tense that has two different forms that we use mostly interchangeably. We need the auxiliary verb “haber” in its imperfect subjunctive form and the past participle of the main verb.

How to form the pluperfect subjunctive in Spanish

For example: En esa situación yo hubiera (or hubiese) actuado de otra forma. Mi hermano habló como si nunca me hubiese (or hubiera) querido.

When do we use the pluperfect subjunctive in Spanish?

Although we will study the uses deeper in further articles, we can outline the main ones. In general, we can say that the pluperfect subjunctive in Spanish is used in two ways. Firstly, in subordinate clauses in order to express real actions that happened before another one in the past. And on the other hand, we can express hypothetical actions that might have happened in the past in different circumstances.




Expressing real actions

When these real actions happened before another one and they are the cause of a feeling, we should use the pluperfect subjunctive.

For example: Me alegró mucho que hubieras aprobado el examen DELE. Sin embargo me entristeció que tu hermano hubiera suspendido la parte oral.

Now, let’s go to the irreal actions.

Hypothetical actions in the past

One of the most popular usages of the pluperfect subjunctive in Spanish is when it expresses irreal actions in the third conditional clauses.

For example: Si yo hubiese nacido en España, no tendría que estudiar español (but you weren’t born in Spain, actually).

Nevertheless, the hypothetical actions are not only expressed in conditional clauses. There are many other constructions that can be useful:

For example: ¿Te imaginas que tus padres no se hubieran conocido nunca? Probablemente, nunca hubiera conocido a un amigo tan bueno como tú.

In this sentence, those parents actually met in the past and their child was born. So, the especulation about not finding such a good friend will never have an answer because this person actually found that friend.

As you can see, the pluperfect subjunctive in Spanish can open our imagination in order to create other realities. Let us suggest that to you. Leave some comments below telling us how your life would have changed if something crucial had never happened. And, of course, if you want to learn more about this topic, reserve a lesson on