Spanish Grammar


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Spanish Grammar A1 ⮟
Ser and Estar in Spanish for Beginners
Está and Hay in Spanish to Express Location
The Present Indicative in Spanish
The verb querer in Spanish: how to use it
The Verb Gustar in Spanish
Demonstratives in Spanish and Adverbs of Place
Possessive Adjectives in Spanish
The Present Continuous in Spanish: Estar + Gerund
The Gerund in Spanish: Form and Basic Uses
Expressions of Quantity in Spanish: Muy and Mucho
Spanish Grammar A2 ⮟
Present Perfect Indicative in Spanish
The Past Simple in Spanish
The Preterite Imperfect Indicative in Spanish
Indicative past tenses in Spanish
How to Express Future in Spanish
How to use por and para in Spanish
Possessive Pronouns in Spanish
Comparative Adjectives in Spanish
Ya in Spanish: Meaning and Usage
Subject Personal Pronouns in Spanish
Expressing Obligation in Spanish
Spanish Grammar B1 ⮟
The Pluperfect Indicative in Spanish
The Future Simple in Spanish
The Conditional Simple in Spanish
The imperative mood in Spanish
The present subjunctive in Spanish
Verbal Periphrasis in Spanish
General Rules of Accentuation in Spanish
Expressing Wishes with the Subjunctive in Spanish
The Use of Cuando with Indicative and Subjunctive
Position of Object Pronouns in Spanish
Spanish Grammar B2 ⮟
Advanced Uses of Conditional Simple
The Future Perfect in Spanish
The Conditional Perfect in Spanish
Present Perfect Subjunctive in Spanish
How do I use the past imperfect subjunctive?
The Pluperfect Subjunctive in Spanish
How to express probability in Spanish
Conditional Clauses in Spanish
Verbs of Change in Spanish
Reported Speech in Spanish
Spanish Grammar C1 ⮟
The passive Voice in Spanish
Adverbial Clauses of Manner in Spanish
Adverbial Clauses of Cause in Spanish
Clauses of Purpose in Spanish
Conditional Conjunctions in Spanish
Uses of the Pronoun SE with Syntactic Function
Uses of the Pronoun Se as a Verb Mark
The Indeterminate Feminine in Spanish

Expressions of quantity in Spanish: Muy and Mucho

Expressions of quantity in Spanish are numerous, but perhaps the most used ones are: muy and mucho. These words do not indicate a specific quantity but an indeterminate one. In addition, they can express whether an adjective or adverb is in the superlative degree.

In this grammar resource we are going to learn how they are combined with other words and whether they can have gender and number variations.



Expressions of Quantity in Spanish: Muy

The adverb muy is one of the expressions of quantity in Spanish that always complements an adjective or another adverb. It expresses the maximum or superlative degree of these words. It does not vary in gender or number, because it is an adverb.

Mi casa es muy grande y está muy cerca de aquí.

In the example above, the adverb muy accompanies an adjective (grande) and an adverb (cerca).

Expressions of Quantity in Spanish: Mucho

The word mucho expresses a large but indeterminate quantity. Unlike muy, it can have different grammatical categories and, therefore, different ways of using it. Let’s see them:

Adverb Mucho

Like muy, mucho can be an adverb. However, it always complements a verb. Therefore, we never use it before an adjective or adverb. Since it is an adverb, it also has no gender or number.

Yo siempre trabajo mucho.

In the previous sentence, the adverb mucho complements the verb trabajar.

Determiner Mucho

Besides being an adverb, it can also be a determiner. This type of word complements a noun and, therefore, must agree in gender and number with it.

Tengo muchos amigos y muchas amigas.

Both amigos and amigas are nouns. For this reason, muchos and muchas change their endings to adapt to the required gender and number.

Pronoun Mucho

Finally, the word mucho can also be a pronoun, since it can replace a noun. Consequently, it also varies in gender and number, depending on the noun it replaces.

—¿Tienes libros para preparar el examen DELE?

—En casa tengo muchos.

As we can see, muchos is a pronoun because it is replacing the noun libros. It must also adapt its form to the gender and number of that noun.

Now that we have learned what kind of words these expressions of quantity in Spanish are, muy and mucho should not be a problem. However, in a quick conversation, they might get confused. We suggest you reserve conversational classes on to test yourself. Seguro que vas a divertirte mucho y va a ser muy interesante.