Spanish Grammar

Index

Spanish Grammar A1 ⮟
Ser and Estar in Spanish for Beginners
Está and Hay in Spanish to Express Location
The Present Indicative in Spanish
The verb querer in Spanish: how to use it
The Verb Gustar in Spanish
Demonstratives in Spanish and Adverbs of Place
Possessive Adjectives in Spanish
The Present Continuous in Spanish: Estar + Gerund
The Gerund in Spanish: Form and Basic Uses
Spanish Grammar A2 ⮟
Present Perfect Indicative in Spanish
The Past Simple in Spanish
The Preterite Imperfect Indicative in Spanish
Indicative past tenses in Spanish
How to Express Future in Spanish
How to use por and para in Spanish
Possessive Pronouns in Spanish
Comparative Adjectives in Spanish
Spanish Grammar B1 ⮟
The Pluperfect Indicative in Spanish
The Future Simple in Spanish
The Conditional Simple in Spanish
The imperative mood in Spanish
The present subjunctive in Spanish
Verbal Periphrasis in Spanish
General Rules of Accentuation in Spanish
Spanish Grammar B2 ⮟
Advanced Uses of Conditional Simple
The Future Perfect in Spanish
The Conditional Perfect in Spanish
Present Perfect Subjunctive in Spanish
How do I use the past imperfect subjunctive?
The Pluperfect Subjunctive in Spanish
How to express probability in Spanish
Conditional Clauses in Spanish
Verbs of Change in Spanish
Reported Speech in Spanish
Spanish Grammar C1 ⮟
The passive Voice in Spanish
Adverbial Clauses of Manner in Spanish
Adverbial Clauses of Cause in Spanish
Clauses of Purpose in Spanish
Conditional Conjunctions in Spanish
Uses of the Pronoun SE with Syntactic Function
Uses of the Pronoun Se as a Verb Mark

Present Perfect Subjunctive in Spanish

Present perfect subjunctive in Spanish, this is the first approach to the past in the subjunctive mood. Because of its simple structure, students can start speaking in the past subjunctive, without fearing a complicated conjugation. But, as always, let’s start with a brief description of its name.

What Does Its Name Mean?

The name of this tense in Spanish, pretérito perfecto compuesto de subjuntivo, already gives us many clues about its uses. It is preterite, that is, it indicates an action located in the past; at the same time it is perfect, that is, it expresses a completed action; furthermore, it is compound, so it is formed by more than one word: an auxiliary verb and a main verb; finally, it is subjunctive, therefore, it expresses uncertain actions, suppositions, wishes, expectations…  Let’s see how it is formed.

But first, we recommend you to take a trial lesson on Spanishviaskype.com. With specialized teachers, you will be able to learn this new tense and all the others in Spanish.

 

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How Is the Present Perfect Subjunctive Tense Formed?

As we have said before, to form the present perfect subjunctive in Spanish, we must use two verb forms: an auxiliary verb, the verb haber in the present subjunctive, and a main verb, in the participle. This non-personal form of verbs is constructed by adding the endings –ado (for the first conjugation -ar) and -ido (for the second and third conjugation -er / -ir). Let’s look at a conjugation table:

 

Table of conjugation of the present perfect subjuntive in Spanish

 

As we can see, the conjugation of this verb tense is really easy. The only difficulty is in the irregular participles of some verbs. Here you can find some of these irregular participles.

 

Participios irregulares en español

 

How Is the Present Perfect Subjunctive Tense Used?

The Present Perfect Subjunctive is closely related to its counterpart in the indicative: the Present Perfect Indicative. In our free grammar resources section you can find an article about this tense. Let’s see how we should use it in the subjunctive:

The same uses as the present perfect indicative

As in the indicative, the present perfect subjunctive expresses a completed action, but located in an unfinished period of time. Likewise, we can express recently completed actions or experiences in the speaker’s life. Therefore, the effects of that action reach up to the present. But we will use the subjunctive when these actions refer to a desire, a probability, an expectation…

Mi amigo ha trabajado mucho hoy = it is a fact = indicative

Es posible que mi amigo haya trabajado mucho hoy = it is an assumption = subjunctive

He aprobado mi examen DELE = it is a fact = indicativo

Ojalá haya aprobado mi examen DELE = it is a wish = subjunctive

As we can see, when we have connectors that introduce the subjunctive (es posible que, ojalá…) we will use the present perfect subjunctive for actions ending in an unfinished tense (hoy, recientemente, alguna vez…).

Same use of present subjunctive in temporal sentences

Now, we are going to study a second use, which, perhaps, is less known to students of Spanish. In temporal sentences with future actions, we usually use the present subjunctive. Normally we introduce these clauses with connectors such as cuando, mientras, después de que, antes de que, hasta que… However, we can also use the present perfect subjunctive with the same meaning.

Cuando termine la clase, me iré. = Cuando haya terminado la clase, me iré.

This exchange is possible thanks to the meaning of “perfect”, that is, it expresses a previous and finished action.

In short, the present perfect subjunctive in Spanish is a good way to introduce the past tenses of this verb mood. If you want to master them, don’t hesitate to take classes with us at Spanishviaskype.com.

 

Infographics about the present perfect subjunctive in Spanish