Spanish Grammar


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Spanish Grammar A1 ⮟
Ser and Estar in Spanish for Beginners
Está and Hay in Spanish to Express Location
The Present Indicative in Spanish
The verb querer in Spanish: how to use it
The Verb Gustar in Spanish
Demonstratives in Spanish and Adverbs of Place
Possessive Adjectives in Spanish
The Present Continuous in Spanish: Estar + Gerund
The Gerund in Spanish: Form and Basic Uses
Expressions of Quantity in Spanish: Muy and Mucho
Spanish Grammar A2 ⮟
Present Perfect Indicative in Spanish
The Past Simple in Spanish
The Preterite Imperfect Indicative in Spanish
Indicative past tenses in Spanish
How to Express Future in Spanish
How to use por and para in Spanish
Possessive Pronouns in Spanish
Comparative Adjectives in Spanish
Ya in Spanish: Meaning and Usage
Subject Personal Pronouns in Spanish
Expressing Obligation in Spanish
Spanish Grammar B1 ⮟
The Pluperfect Indicative in Spanish
The Future Simple in Spanish
The Conditional Simple in Spanish
The imperative mood in Spanish
The present subjunctive in Spanish
Verbal Periphrasis in Spanish
General Rules of Accentuation in Spanish
Expressing Wishes with the Subjunctive in Spanish
The Use of Cuando with Indicative and Subjunctive
Position of Object Pronouns in Spanish
Spanish Grammar B2 ⮟
Advanced Uses of Conditional Simple
The Future Perfect in Spanish
The Conditional Perfect in Spanish
Present Perfect Subjunctive in Spanish
How do I use the past imperfect subjunctive?
The Pluperfect Subjunctive in Spanish
How to express probability in Spanish
Conditional Clauses in Spanish
Verbs of Change in Spanish
Reported Speech in Spanish
Spanish Grammar C1 ⮟
The passive Voice in Spanish
Adverbial Clauses of Manner in Spanish
Adverbial Clauses of Cause in Spanish
Clauses of Purpose in Spanish
Conditional Conjunctions in Spanish
Uses of the Pronoun SE with Syntactic Function
Uses of the Pronoun Se as a Verb Mark
The Indeterminate Feminine in Spanish

Possessive Adjectives in Spanish

Possessive adjective in Spanish, also called determiners, express belonging or possession. They are a type of words that complement a noun and always accompany it. In addition to adjectives, there are also possessive pronouns, which replace the noun.

In this article, we are going to focus on possessive adjectives in Spanish.

Form of Possessive Adjectives in Spanish

As we said before, possessive adjectives or determiners complement and accompany a noun, which expresses ownership or possession. Because of this, they have to agree with it. But simultaneously, they must also agree with the owner. For this reason, we can make the following classification: possessive adjectives of one possessor and several possessors. At the same time, they agree in number and gender (only the first and second person plural) with the property.

La casa de mi padre > Su casa

Las casas de mi padre > Sus casas

The owner is mi padre (third person singular), therefore, the possessive will be su/s. Also, if the possession, la casa, is singular, the chosen form will be su, but if it were plural las casas, the adjective changes to plural, sus.



In this table you can see all its forms:

Table with the form of the possessive adjectives in Spanish

Characteristics and Restrictions of Possessives

The possessive adjectives in Spanish that we have studied in the previous table can be of two types: atonic (mi/s, tu/s, su/s) and tonic (nuestro/a/os/as, vuestro/a/os/as). The attons can only be used before the noun. On the other hand, the tonics can be used after the noun. You can learn more about possessives in this A2 level article.

Mi coche es rojo / Coche mi es rojo

Nuestro coche es rojo / El coche nuestro es rojo

Unlike other languages such as Italian or Portuguese, possessive adjectives in Spanish do not allow the use of articles (el, la, los, las):

Tus exámenes DELE / Los tus exámenes DELE

It’s not acceptable to use them with the verb haber when the noun is the direct object:

Hay libros en vuestra habitación / Hay vuestros libros en vuestra habitación

In this article, you can learn more uses of the verb haber in Spanish.

With this information you can start using possessive adjectives in Spanish correctly. But if you want to know more about them and learn how to use them accurately, reserve classes at