Estar and ser in Spanish are two verbs that cause havoc among students. Beginners must learn different uses for each. In our grammar resources section you can learn everything you need to know about them.

On the other hand, the verbs estar and ser in Spanish remain a major issue for advanced learners. This is because there are adjectives that change meaning, depending on which of the two verbs introduce them. Here you can read the first part of this article, with some of these adjectives. This week, we are going to know more changes of meanings.

If you eres un inconsciente you may end up estando inconsciente

I’m sure that when you were a teenager, you were told that you eras un inconsciente (you were irresponsible). This is because the adjective inconsciente means irresponsible or thoughtless, when it’s used with the verb ser.

However, estar inconsciente can be much more serious, as it might be the symptom of a serious illness. With the verb estar, this adjective expresses the state in which a person has lost consciousness.

La víctima del accidente está inconsciente. Es entendible porque fue un inconsciente al conducir borracho.


Estar and ser in Spanish: ¿estás violento when someone es violento?

The verbs estar and ser in Spanish can change the meaning of the adjective violento in a radical way. An aggressive person es violenta. Therefore, the verb ser shows a characteristic of the personality.

However, someone who está violento is a person who does not feel comfortable in a situation. Again, the verb estar acquires here its value of state, to express emotions.

Eres muy violento cuando discutes de política; por eso yo siempre estoy violento en esas conversaciones.

Sé delicado when someone está delicado

The adjective delicado is another adjective that undergoes a change of meaning when preceded by estar and ser in Spanish.

But before we see how these changes occur, we recommend you something interesting. At you can take conversational lessons with a native teacher. Here you will be able to put into practice all these expressions with estar and ser in Spanish.

Now, let’s see how to use the adjective delicado with the verb ser. A person who es delicada is sensitive and is very careful with everything he or she does. Likewise, when we talk about a situation, its meaning is totally different. In this case, we want to indicate that it is a serious matter, difficult to solve.

On the other hand, estar delicado is used to describe a person’s poor state of health.

La enfermera es muy delicada con su paciente, pues está bastante delicado.

Estar and ser in Spanish: ¿cerrado or abierto?

Both the adjective cerrado and its opposite, abierto, can change thein meaning depending on the verb that introduces them. With the verb estar, they simply express whether it is possible to enter or not.

Ser cerrado or abierto, however, describes the personality of someone who is shy or introverted, or else friendly and extroverted, respectively.

Mira tu hermano, su boca siempre está abierta; es muy abierto, el alma de la fiesta.

Once again, the verbs estar and ser in Spanish have been the protagonists of our article (and it won’t be the last). What are you waiting for to reserve a trial lesson with us? Somos muy abiertos, and not unos inconscientes. We assure you that nunca estarás violento in our classes.