¿Saber o conocer? (B1)

sabias que 495Most of our students have some problems to distinguish the verbs “saber” and “conocer” (they both mean “to know”). The verb you choose depends on the context in which it is used (these verbs are not interchangeable). Keep reading and we’ll show you how to use correctly “saber” and “conocer”.

SABER:

1. To express knowledge or ignorance of a fact or information about something, we use “saber”: ¿Sabes dónde está mi hermano? (Do you know where is my brother?), No tu dirección (I don’t know your adress), ¿Sabes cuál es la capital de Alemania? (Do you know what is the capital of Germany?).

2. To express knowledge or ignorance of a skill or how to do something, we use saber + infinitive: Mi mejor amiga sabe conducir camiones (My best friend knows how to drive trucks), No cocinar muy bien (I don’t know how to cook very well), No sabes arreglar ordenadores (You don’t know how to fix computers).

3. To say that we know something by heart, we use saber: Ana sabe los verbos irregulares (Ana knows the irregular verbs), No sabes la letra de esa canción (You don’t know the words to that song).

CONOCER:

1. To say that someone is or is not acquainted or familiar with a person, a place, or an object, we use conocer: Yo no conozco a tu marido (I’ve never met your husband= I am not acquainted with your husband), Tus padres conocen Lisboa (Your parents have been to Lisbon = Your parents are acquainted with Lisbon). Nunca he estado en Japón, pero conozco la cultura japonesa porque mi cuñada es japonesa (I’ve never been to Japan, but I’m familiar with the japonese culture because my sister in law is Japonese).

2. To meet somebody for the firt time: Conocí a Patricia en la universidad (I met Patricia at the University), ¿Cuándo conociste a tu marido?- Le conocí en el trabajo; él era mi jefe (When did you meet your husband for the firs time? I met him at work; he was my boss).

REMEMBER:

Saber: To know, have knowledge of, to know how to do something.

Conocer: To be acquainted or familiar with a person, place, or thing. It also means “to meet” when you meet somebody for the first time.

Let’s do some exercises! (we’ll publish the answers next week in our Facebook)

1. Yo _____ hablar japonés.

2. Nosotros no ________ Milán.

3. Ellos _______ jugar al golf muy bien.

4. ¿______ (tú) a mi tía Julia?

5. Mis estudiantes ________ todas las capitales de Europa.

6. Yo no _______ montar a caballo.

7. ¿________ (ella) Chicago?

8. No _______ dónde vive Pedro.

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By | 2017-02-15T22:32:16+00:00 julio 25th, 2013|B1, Pocket Grammar|Sin comentarios

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