Last weekend, the whole world was witness to the largest cyber-attack we’ve ever known since the invention of Internet. The world of la informática (computer science, IT) has been in the spotlight since then.

The WannaCry virus, was spread across all continents. Not much is known about the hackers who create it but the effects are known by everybody: kidnapped computers with their files encrypted and a ransom demand of $300 worth of bitcoins.

La informática is not the future anymore, but the present, and we want to help our students on learn some basic vocabulary.

Even though we try not to use foreignisms when we speak Spanish during our classes, it’s sometimes difficult to find a proper translation to some concepts. Hardware and software are good examples. “Periférico” y “aplicaciones o programas” are good tries, but are not exactly the same.

Regarding the hardware, we should get familiar with:

  • El monitor y la pantalla: the monitor and the screen.
  • La torre: the computer tower.
  • El teclado: the keyboard.
  • El ratón: the mouse.
  • La impresora: the printer.
  • El escáner: the scanner.
  • El puerto USB: the USB port.
  • La fuente de alimentación: the power supply.
  • El disco duro: the hard disk drive.

In relation to the software, we can find an endless list of programs and applications. These are the most used types

  • El sistema operativo: the operating system.
  • El procesador de textos: the word processor.
  • La base de datos: the datebase.
  • La hoja de cálculo: the spreadsheet.
  • El editor de imágenes: the graphics editor.
  • El cliente de correo electrónico: the email client.
  • El reproductor de vídeo y audio: the audio and video
  • El navegador web: the web browser.
  • El explorador/administrador de archivos: the file browser/manager

Evidently, if you learn this vocabulary, you won’t be free of hackers and other cybercriminals, but it will help you if you live in a Spanish speaker country. If you have plans to move, don’t hesitate and reserve a free trial lesson here: our Spanish Survival program via Skype will fit you perfectly.

Oh, I forgot this: actualiza (update) your sistema operativo and install a good antivirus; we don’t want a virus to stop you studing Spanish.


Image: Bug_PC_Virus by Emiliano Granatelli at